History says Britain dominated the global political scene in 1914. It was the preeminent global power at the time, with an empire spanning a quarter of the globe's area and ruling over one-fifth of the world's people.

In a century's time, Britain's position in world politics is debatable

On the one hand, the country has the tenth biggest economy in the world, with a total wealth of over 2000 billion US dollars and an unemployment rate of 5.8 percent, which is considerably lower than the rate in most of the rest of Europe (the Eurozone has an unemployment rate of 11.9 percent ). Additionally, Britain remains an active member of a number of international organizations (for example, the G7, G8, and G20) and maintains strong diplomatic ties not just with her former colonies via the Commonwealth, but also with the bulk of the world's major economies. On the other hand, the British economy is smaller than that of the fast growing BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India, and China), as well as the USA and many major European economies. Additionally, although Britain has an illustrious military (it is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and the sixth largest spender on its military globally), it now often takes a back seat to the US in military endeavors.

As a consequence Britain is increasingly finding it difficult to be heard.

A century of change has put the country in a unique situation, prompting both politicians and people to consider Britain's current and future role on the global stage. Many believe that Britain has more power than it should given the geopolitical developments of the past century, and they question whether this will continue. While an overwhelming majority (92 percent) think that 'Britain is a force for good in international politics,' 90% believe that 'Britain punches beyond its weight in international politics. Additionally, almost half (49%) believe that 'Britain's strength and influence are dwindling'. While it is obvious that Labour and the Tories have divergent views on this subject, the reality remains that a majority of Labour MPs and a full third of their Tory counterparts believe that Britain's strength and influence are dwindling.

The justifications offered for these views reflect concerns

It emerges new and alternative powers on the global arena.

System of Political Parties

To put it simply, the United Kingdom is known for having a two-party system. This is due to the fact that one of the major political parties has had sway over the government since 1945, and members of these two parties have held more than 90 percent of the seats in the Canadian parliament. In the United Kingdom, there are two major political parties: Labour Party, which is left-of-center, and Conservative Party, which is right-of-center. They want income taxes lowered and national defense and internal law and order to be given first priority.

Standings for the Labour Party in Britain

Former British Prime Minister John Major is a well-known Tory. A left-leaning party, the Labour Party, is the second largest force in American politics. It advocates for social equality, the rights of the marginalized, and more government involvement in economic matters. The Liberal Democratic Party is another little party. Breakaway Labour politicians united with Liberals and Social Democrats to establish this party. It's considered somewhat liberal, and it's always been a proponent of European Union integration.

What tackles politics across the whole UK

The present status of things in Scotland. On May 6th, 1999, the people of Scotland voted for the first time since 1707 to establish a united parliament. When the Tories failed to serve the interests of Scotland, a devolutionary movement formed in the country. Tony Blair's resounding victory in 1997, before the first parliament had been completely established, had injected new confidence. Since then, Scotland has had proportional representation elections identical to those used in my own country. Congress currently has a swarm of political parties represented. The coalition partners of the government are Labour and the Liberal Democrats. Along with education, health, culture, the environment, and agriculture, the parliament now has the authority to adopt laws on these subjects.

The Queen has near-total power based only on written law, which sounds undemocratic. She is first lady, primate, and commander-in-chief, all of which provide suffrage. Every autumn, Elisabeth II addresses the parliament. The letter describes "my government's" goals for the next year. And her government, not the people's, is in command. The law allows her to pick anybody she wants to manage the government. Likewise for her hundreds of other cabinet appointments. And if she's unhappy with any of her ministers, she may dismiss them all. Officially, they're all "servants of the Crown." Parliament cannot enact laws without her consent. In English law, the monarch cannot do anything criminal.

There are civil and criminal courts in the legal system. Prior to the establishment of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom in 2009, the House of Lords served as the last court of appeal for civil and criminal issues that had been handled by the High Court or Court of Appeal. It was superseded by the Crown Court in 1971, and today it may meet anywhere in England, deal with any indictment trial, and hear appeals and procedures on a sentence or civil cases. The Crown Court replaced the individual courts (quarter sessions and assizes). Only a small percentage of cases are heard in magistrates' courts, which are the first stop in the criminal justice system.

Common UK Party Politics Trends

The US is paying close attention to British politics. The uncertainty surrounding the leadership of both of Britain's two main parties has raised the potential of changes in the political direction of our closest and greatest friend. The Conservative Party now confronts the potential that Prime Minister Churchill may be compelled, if unwillingly, to stand down and hand over party and government control to Foreign Secretary Eden.

  • The Labor Party is fractured within, with Clement Attlee's moderate leadership facing out against Aneurin Bevan's rebellious left-wing adherents.

  • Some political strategists have suggested an early general election as a consequence of Churchill's departure or the Labor Party's division.

  • If elections are conducted this year, the outcome may be influenced by the UK-US relationship.

The introduction of the hydrogen bomb has aroused questions and anxieties among the British people that may lead to conflicts with the United States on military policy and international control measures.

Churchill's Early Retirement Speculation

Churchill himself did not welcome widespread conjecture about the elderly Prime Minister of the United Kingdom's impending retirement. Churchill has made no public indications that he has made a clear decision on the date and circumstances of his retirement from office. On Jan. 26, he informed a persistent questioner in the House of Commons that rumours of his early retirement were "a hallucination." Churchill is alleged to have privately assured a group of Conservative members of Parliament that he would remain in government as long as his health and strength permitted him to do his responsibilities and the world situation necessitated his leadership.

  • The British Prime Minister is now in his eighties and bears an enormous amount of responsibility. He was unable to work for about five months last year due to a serious sickness.

  • He is said to have healed to the extent that a guy his age may recover from a cardiac condition.

  • During an early April discussion in Parliament over American H-bomb testing, the Prime Minister was confronted by irate opposition benches demanding his resignation.

However, Churchill has never been the kind of guy to quit in the face of opposition or to abstain from doing what he feels is his duty to his nation.

Possibility of a 1954 General Election

For months, politicians have discussed holding a general election in Britain before the end of the year. Several Conservative MPs, including at least one Churchill cabinet member, have openly debated the issue. According to political statements, if Eden succeeds Churchill this summer, a general election may be called this fall. In Britain, it is not unusual for the ruling party to go to the nation for a fresh mandate much before the statutory deadline.

  • The government may call an election if it has a slim majority in the Commons and believes the time is right to gain more seats.

  • The party may take power and prolong its tenure in government by five years, the maximum duration of a new Parliament. If the government loses the election, it must resign.

  • To extend its slender majority in the Commons following the tightly fought Feb. 23, 1950 election, the Labor government called the general election on Oct. 25, 1951.

The current Churchill administration, which took power after Labor lost in 1951, also lacks a solid majority in the Commons. If the government or party leadership changes within two years, an election may be called to seek a new and stronger mandate. Recent by-elections show no significant shift from the long-standing balance of political mood among British voters. However, present foreign policy difficulties and the Labor Party's division have fueled conjecture about the Conservative Party's chances of re-consulting voters in the near future.